Daily Jump Start

Learning Goal/Content Statement for Jump Starts
1. Analyze and evaluate the credibility of primary and secondary sources.
2. Develop a thesis and use evidence to support or refute a position.
Rules for Jump Start Quizzes:
You will have an open-note quiz after every 10 Jump Starts. Notes used for the Jump Start Quizzes must be hand-written. You cannot print the notes from this website and use them on your quiz. Notes used on the Jump Start Quizzes must be your own! If you are caught with somebody's notes you both will be penalized.  All 10 Jump Starts per quiz are fair game, so you are responsible for getting information from Jump Starts even when you are absent.
If you give a man a fish you feed him for a day. 
If you teach a man how to fish you feed him for a lifetime.
Daily Jump Start
58) Friday December 14th
U.S.-backed, Kurdish-led fighters captured the last town held by the Islamic State group on Friday, after days of intense battles in the militants’ single remaining enclave in eastern Syria, activists said. The fall of Hajin is a blow to the extremists. The town was their main stronghold in the last pocket of land they control in eastern Syria, near the Iraqi border. IS still holds some villages nearby.
57) Thursday December 13th  
A federal judge sentenced Donald Trump's former lawyer Michael Cohen to three years in prison on Wednesday following Cohen's guilty pleas to a number of political and finance crimes. Those three years would be followed by three years of supervised release, and Cohen also is subject to forfeiture of $500,000, restitution of $1.4 million and fines totaling $100,000. 
56) Tuesday December 11th 
Chinese factory workers producing toys for Hasbro, Disney, Lego and Mattel and are being subjected to "nightmare" working conditions in the run-up to Christmas, an investigation has alleged.In peak production season, employees were working up to 175 overtime hours per month. Chinese labour law restricts monthly overtime to 36 hours per month  
55) Monday December 10th  
President Trump and congressional leaders are racing against a deadline next week to avert a partial government shutdown, pushing disputes over the president’s border wall and an array of legislation that touches on everything from Saudi Arabia to farm policy into the waning hours of Republican domination of Congress. The deepest impasse — and the one with the greatest potential to prompt a year-end breakdown — is over Mr. Trump’s demand for $5 billion for a wall on the United States’ southern border.  
54) Friday December 7th
Meng Wanzhou, chief financial officer at China's Huawei Technologies, was arrested in Canada Saturday at the request of U.S. authorities and faces possible extradition to the United States.  This arrest highlights trade tensions between the U.S. and China, which also resulted in the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropping by 700 points.
53) Thursday December 6th  
North Korea appears to be expanding a missile base in a remote, mountainous part of the country, according to new commercial satellite imagery studied by independent researchers. The base, located near the Chinese border, is believed to be capable of housing long-range missiles that could, in theory, hit the United States. Researchers say they see clear signs that the base is being upgraded.
52) Wednesday December 5th  
President Donald Trump threatened Tuesday to slap more tariffs on China if efforts to strike a trade deal with Beijing crumble. The world's two largest economies reached a 90-day trade truce Saturday after Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping met at the G-20 summit in Argentina. In a series of Tuesday morning tweets, the president showed optimism about reaching a " fair deal," but stressed that he is "a Tariff Man" if talks fail. 
51) Tuesday December 4th  
President George H.W. Bush, the 41st president of the United States, has died at the age of 94. Bush's death, late Friday at his home in Houston, was announced by his son and fellow Republican, former President George W. Bush, who praised his father as "a man of the highest character." 
50) Friday November 30th  
Music producer DJ Khaled and boxer Floyd Mayweather Jr. were charged by the Securities and Exchange Commission Thursday with promoting investments in initial cryptocurrency coin offerings without revealing that they'd been paid. The SEC has said that cryptocurrency coins sold in initial coin offerings may be considered securities and subject to federal securities laws.  Both Khaled and Mayweather settled with the SEC and agreed not to promote any securities, even digital ones, for two years and three years, respectively.  
49) Thursday November 29th  
Bitcoin prices fell last weekend, reaching below $3,600 at one point — about 40 percent less from where it had been just two weeks earlier. Prices continued down Monday but closed slightly up Tuesday. Then they surged, topping $4,300 Wednesday — though that's nowhere near the $6,000 or more the cryptocurrency commanded for several months until mid-November.
48) Wednesday November 28th 
A new report shows that the number of undocumented immigrants living in the U.S. has declined. The study, by the Pew Research Center, is based on 2016 government data. It estimates that there were 10.7 million unauthorized immigrants living in the U.S. that year. That's down from a high point of 12.2 million in 2007. The report comes after the release of a study from Yale University stating 22 million undocumented immigrants were living in the U.S.
47) Tuesday November 27th 
General Motors is poised to end production at five plants in the U.S. and Canada, kill off several passenger cars-including the Chevorolet Impala-and slash 15 percent of its salaried workforce in a sweeping cost-cutting plan designed to boost profits and adjust to America's changing tastes in vehicles.
46) Thursday November 15th 
More than a dozen news outlets -- from the Associated Press to USA Today, The Washington Post and Politico -- are filing friend-of-the-court briefs to support CNN and Jim Acosta's lawsuit against President Trump and several top aides. The list represents most of the biggest news organizations in the United States. The most notable name on the list is Fox News. 
45) Wednesday November 14th 
Negotiators for the United Kingdom and the European Union have reached a Brexit breakthrough: a draft agreement on how the U.K. will leave the EU at the end of March. The text of the agreement, which runs to hundreds of pages, has not been released, but U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May is already busy trying to sell the agreement to Cabinet members in private meetings.
44) Tuesday November 13th 
Wildfires continued to tear through Northern and Southern California on Monday, where firefighters were at the mercy of dry air and whipping winds fanning the deadly blazes. At least 44 people have died statewide; many people remain unaccounted for.
43) Monday November 12th 
Veterans Day (originally known as Armistice Day) is an official United States public holiday observed annually on November 11, honoring military veterans, that is, persons who served in the United States Armed Forces. It coincides with other holidays including Armistice Day and Remembrance Day which are celebrated in other countries that mark the anniversary of the end of World War I.
42) Thursday November 8th 
Jeff Sessions, the president's earliest and most fervent supporter in Congress, resigned under pressure as attorney general on Wednesday after brutal criticism from the president, bringing an abrupt end to his controversial tenure as the nation's top law enforcement officer.  Matthew Whitaker has been named acting attorney general.
41) Wednesday November 7th 
Democrats won control of the House of Representatives while Republicans maintained control of the Senate from Tuesday's election.  In Ohio, Democrat Sherrod Brown won re-election in the Senate while Republican Mike DeWine was elected Governor.  Republicans swept all state wide offices in Ohio. Locally, Democrat John Patterson will represent Ashtabula County in the state house while Republicans Casey Kozlowski won election as county commisioner and David Thomas won as county auditor.
40) Thursday November 1st 
General Motors is offering voluntary buyouts to 18,000 salaried workers, acknowledging Wednesday that if it does not get enough takers, it may consider layoffs in early 2019. The move is part of GM's cost-cutting plans, which include a $6.5 billion target for 2018. GM reported a third-quarter net profit of $3.2 billion before taxes, up 25 percent from a year earlier. 
39) Wednesday October 31st 
President Trump says he can end birthright citizenship with an executive order. But most legal scholars — and even leaders of the president's own party — are skeptical. The 14th Amendment holds that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States." Most legal scholars take that as an explicit protection of birthright citizenship.
38) Tuesday October 30th 
California voters will soon decide whether to ban the sale of meat and eggs from farm animals raised in cages. A November ballot measure, Proposition 12, would require more spacious digs for pigs, veal calves and egg-laying hens. It applies to animals in California and to those raised elsewhere for products sold in the Golden State.
37) Monday October 29th  
The man accused of killing 11 worshippers in a Pittsburgh synagogue is expected to appear in a federal court Monday.  Robert Bowers faces 29 federal charges, some of which are punishable by death. Included among them are 11 counts of using a firearm to commit murder and multiple counts of two hate crimes.
36) Friday October 26th  
Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is expected to sign an order sending at least 800 U.S. troops to the U.S.-Mexico border as a caravan of thousands of migrants heads north from Central America. Administration sources also say the White House is considering an executive order that would close the southern border to migrants, including asylum seekers. 
35) Thursday October 25th 
Suspicious packages, which included pipe bombs, were sent in the mail to Maxine Waters, Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama and CNN's Manhattan office yesterday.  There is currently a search for a package sent to Joe Biden also.  President Trump condemned "this egregious conduct" and called it abhorrent to everything we hold dear and sacred as Americans."
34) Wednesday October 24th
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced on Tuesday afternoon that 21 Saudi suspects in the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi will have their visas revoked or be ineligible for a visa to enter the United States. Among those additional measures are discussions with the Treasury Department to impose targeted sanctions against Saudis, Pompeo said.  
33) Tuesday October 23rd 
An Air Force official admitted the branch's multiple purchases of coffee cups that break easily and cost $1,280 each "is simply irresponsible," vowing to pursue ways to fix the mugs instead of continually buying new ones. Buying and replacing the special mugs, which can reheat liquids aboard air refueling tankers in flight, has cost the Air Force $326,785 since 2016.
32) Monday October 22nd  
A growing crowd of Central American migrants in southern Mexico resumed its advance toward the U.S. border on Sunday. The advances have overwhelmed Mexican officials' attempts to stop them at the border. The Associated Press reports that the number of migrants swelled to about 5,000 overnight. 
31) Friday October 19th  
StarKist Co. has reportedly agreed to plead guilty to charges of price fixing as part of a conspiracy with two of its competitors, Bumble Bee Foods and Chicken of the Sea, to keep the price of canned tuna high. Federal prosecutors announced the plea agreement on Thursday, which includes a fine of up to $100 million, according to The Associated Press.
30) Wednesday October 17th  
According to the Monthly Treasury Statement for fiscal 2018, the year that just ended Sept. 30, the deficit was $779 billion — a $113 billion, 17 percent increase over the$666 billion deficit recorded last year.  This was the biggest one-year increase in the deficit since 2009, when the Great Recession wreaked havoc on federal finances. At 3.9 percent, it was the largest deficit compared with gross domestic product since 2013.
29) Tuesday October 16th  
Saudi Arabia is preparing to acknowledge that journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed during an interrogation that went wrong, as his family calls for an international inquiry into his disappearance.  The Washington Post columnist was last seen in public when he entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in Turkey on October 2.
28) Monday October 15th  
Sears, the once-dominant retail chain that changed how Americans shopped and lived, has filed for bankruptcy.  The 132-year-old company has been struggling for several years and is drowning in debt. The final straw was a $134 million debt payment due Monday that it could not afford.
27) Thursday October 11th  
The US Postal Service is asking for the biggest price jump on stamps in its history.  Facing pressure to address a revenue shortfall, the Postal Service on Wednesday proposed raising the price of 1-oz. letters from 50 cents to 55 cents, which would be a record nominal increase if approved. The price of each additional ounce would go down slightly.
26) Wednesday October 10th 
Ford Motor Company is reportedly preparing to initiate major layoffs after suffering a blow to profits of at least $1 billion due to tariffs enacted by President Trump.  The nation's largest automaker hasn't yet reveled how many workers will be affected.  But a report by Morgan Stanley estimated that as many as 12 percent of the company's 202,000 workers worldwide could be cut, NBC reported.
25)  Monday October 8th
A report issued Mondy by the UN INtergovernemntal Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says the planet will reach the crucial threshold and 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Farenheit) above pre-industrial levels by as early as 2030, precipitating the risk of extreme drought, wildfires, floods and food shortages for hundres of millions of people.
24) Friday October 5th 
Stocks fell sharply on Thursday as interest rates hit new multi-year highs, dampening investor sentiment.  The Dow Jones Industrial Average droped 201 points as Nike and Home Depot lagged.  The 30 stock index dropped 356 points at its lowest point for the day and posted its worst delcine since August 10.
23) Thursday October 4th
Gas prices are creeping up nationally, now near their highest level since 2014, just in time for the November midterm elections when California will vote about rolling back its gas tax. Average prices topped $2.90 a gallon for unleaded Wednesday for the first time since June, having risen about 6 cents a gallon in the past month, the Oil Price Information Service reports.
22) Wednesday October 3rd
Amazon will pay all of its U.S. employees a minimum of $15 an hour, more than double the federal minimum wage of $7.25. The retail giant, run by the world's richest man, was criticized earlier this year after revealing its works' median pay was $28,446.  The new pay rate will begin November 1st for all employees. 
21) Tuesday October 2nd
President Trump on Monday touted a new trade deal w/Canada and Mexico as a win for U.S. workers.  The new agreement, calld teh U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), is aimed at bringing more jobs into the U.S., with Canada and Mexico accepting more restrictive commercww with the U.S. their main export customer. 

45) Wednesday November 14th 
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